Estimating Bolt Diameters

according to VDI 2230 guidelines

LOAD IN N Nominal Dia. In mm
Strength Grade
12.9 10.9 8.8
250 - - -
400 - - -
630 - - -
1000 - - -
1600 3 3 3
2500 3 3 4
4000 4 4 5
6300 4 5 5
10000 5 6 8
16000 6 8 8
25000 8 10 10
40000 10 12 14
63000 12 14 16
100000 16 16 20
160000 20 20 24
250000 24 27 30
400000 30 36 -
630000 36 - -

A. Select the lowest load from column 1 which is higher than the working load FA. ( FA = Axial Force; a calculated working load in the bolt axis or the components of a given calculated working load) acting on the bolted joints.            

B. The required minimum initial clamp load FMmin (FMmin = Minimum initial clamp load established at FMmax as a result of lack of precision in the tightening technique) is determined by increasing this column 1 load by further steps as shown below:

Bolt Diameter Diagram 1 Bolt Diameter Diagram 2 Bolt Diameter Diagram 3 Bolt Diameter Diagram 4
Static or dynamic transfer loads Dynamic or eccentrically applied loads

Dynamic and concentrically applied
or static and eccentrically applied working loads

Static and concentrically applied axial loads

4 Steps

2 Steps

1 Step

0 Steps

  2 steps for tightening the bolt using a simple tightening spindle which has been set by the retightening torque. 1 step for tighting using a torque wrench or precision spindle adjusted and controlled by means of dynamic torque measurement or elongation measurement of the bolt. 0  steps for tightening by means of angle control in the plastic range or by means of computer controlled yeild load monitoring
 
 

C. The required maximum initial clamping load FMmax is determined by increasing this load FMmin by:  

2 steps for tightening the bolt using a simple tightening spindle which has been set by the retightening torque, or 

1 step for tighting using a torque wrench or precision spindle adjusted and controlled by means of dynamic torque measurement or elongation measurement of the bolt, or 

0 steps for tightening by means of angle control in the plastic range or by means of computer controlled yeild load monitoring.      

D. Next to the number found, columns 2 to 4 give the required bolt dimensions in mm for the selected bolt strength grade.

Example

 

A joint is Dynamically and Eccentrically loaded by the axial load FA = 8500N. A bolt strength grade 12.9 is to be assembled using a torque wrench.       

A. 10,000N is the next largest load to FA in column 1      

B. 2 steps for eccentric and dynamic axial loading give FMmin = 25,000N      

C. 1 step for tightening using a torque wrench gives FMmax = 40,000N      

D. For FMmax = 40,000N, we find in column 2 (Strength Grade 12.9 ) ; M10



Note: Due to the fact that fastening applications differ greatly, the above information is for guidance only and is correct to the best of our knowledge. The customer must satisfy themselves with the performance of the fastener and validity of the data. TR Fastenings will not be held responsible for any failure that may occur from the use of this information.